Hubungan Dukungan Sosial dan Kecenderungan Perilaku Menyakiti Diri (Self-Injury) pada Remaja dari Orang Tua Bercerai

  • Aulia Rizka Putri Ratida Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
  • IGAA Noviekayati Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
  • Amherstia Pasca Rina Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya
Keywords: Remaja ; Perceraian ; Dukungan Sosial ; Kecenderungan Self-Injury

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah ada hubungan antara dukungan sosial terhadap kecenderungan perilaku menyakiti diri (self-injury) pada remaja dari orang tua bercerai. Subjek yaitu 62 remaja berusia 16-17 tahun, kelas XI, pernah berusaha melakukan self-injury, dan mengalami perceraian atau perpisahan orang tua. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Metode pengambilan sampel menggunakan skala likert yang disusun oleh peneliti. Hasil korelasi Spearman’s Rho, diperoleh nilai rxy = 0,320 dengan p = 0,011 (p < 0,05). Meskipun hasil p<0,05 namun nilai korelasi positif sebesar 0,320 sehingga hipotesis dalam penelitian ini ditolak. Ada hubungan negatif antara dukungan sosial dengan kecenderungan perilaku menyakiti diri (self-injury) pada remaja dari orang tua bercerai tidak diterima.

 

References

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Saputra, A., Kartasasmita, S., & Subroto, U. (2018). Penerapan Art Therapy Untuk Mengurangi Gejala Depresi Pada Narapidana. Jurnal Muara Ilmu Sosial, Humaniora, Dan Seni, 2(1), 181–188.
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Anna, L. K., & Pitaloka, I. 2021.Media Sosial Jadi Rujukan Remaja untuk Dukungan Kesehatan Mental. [Internet] [cited 7 Juli 2022]. from : https://lifestyle.kompas.com/
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Akasyah, W., & Efendi, F. (2020). Peran Dukungan Sosial Teman Sebaya Terhadap Ketahanan Psikologis Remaja Yang Mengalami Konflik. Nursing Sciences Journal, 4(2), 107–117. https://doi.org/10.30737/nsj.v4i2.433
Apollo, & Cahyadi, A. (2012). Konflik peran ganda perempuan menikah yang

bekerja ditinjau dari dukungan sosial keluarga dan penyesuaian diri. Widya Warta, 02(I), 254–271.
Arijaya, O. R., Ag, S., & Ag, M. (2011). Mengapa Perceraian di Indonesia Meningkat ? September 2011, 1–4.
Baetens, I., Claes, L., Onghena, P., Grietens, H., Van Leeuwen, K., Pieters, C., ... & Griffith, J. W. (2014). Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence: a longitudinal study of the relationship between NSSI, psychological distress and perceived parenting. Journal of Adolescence, 37(6), 817-826.
Bresin, K., Sand, E., & Gordon, K. H. (2013). Non-Suicidal Self-Injury from the Observer’s Perspective: A Vignette Study. Archives of Suicide Research, 17(3), 185–195.
Christoffersen, M. N., et al. 2015. Non-suicidal self-injury-does social support make a difference? An epidemiological investigation of a danish national sampel. Child Abuse & Neglect, 44, 106-116.
Cohen, S., & Lakey, B. (2000). Social Support: Theory and Measurement. In Case Studies in Clinical Psychological Science: Bridging the Gap from Science to Practice (Issue August). https://doi.org/10.1093/med
Coyne, S. M., Padilla-Walker, L. M., & Howard, E. (2013). Emerging in a Digital World: A Decade Review of Media Use, Effects, and Gratifications in Emerging Adulthood. Emerging Adulthood, 1(2), 125–137.


Daine, K., Hawton, K., Singaravelu, V., Stewart, A., Simkin, S., & Montgomery, P. (2013). The power of the web: a systematic review of studies of the influence of the internet on self-harm and suicide in young people. PloS One, 8(10), 1–6.
Dariyono, A. 2014. Psikologi Perkembangan Dewasa Muda.
Dewi, D. S. C., & Ariana, A. D. (2021). Pengaruh Kepribadian Narsistik terhadap Perilaku Non-Suicidal Self-Injury pada Remaja Broken Home. Buletin Riset Psikologi Dan Kesehatan Mental (BRPKM), 1(1), 87–95.
Izzah, F. N., & Ariana, A. D. (2022). Hubungan Perceived Social Support dengan Perilaku Non-suicidal Self-Injury pada Remaja. Buletin Riset Psikologi Dan Kesehatan Mental (BRPKM), 2(1), 70–77.
Knigge, Jennifer. 1999. Self Injury for Teacers. Article of self injury
Khalifah, S. (2019). Dinamika Self-Harm Pada Remaja. 1–121.
Klonsky, E. D., & Glenn, C. R. (2008). Assessing the Functions of Non-suicidal Self-injury: Psychometric Properties of the Inventory of Statements about Self-injury (ISAS). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31(3), 215–219.


Lloyd-Richardson, E. E., Perrine, N., Dierker, L., & Kelley, M. L. (2007). Characteristics and functions of non-suicidal self-injury in a community sample of adolescents. Psychological Medicine, 37(8), 1–10.
Manna, N. S., Doriza, S., & Oktaviani, M. (2021). Cerai Gugat: Telaah Penyebab Perceraian Pada Keluarga di Indonesia. JURNAL Al-AZHAR INDONESIA SERI HUMANIORA, 6(1), 11.
McDougall, T., Armstrong, M., & Trainor, G. (2010). Helping Children and Young People who Self-harm. In Helping Children and Young People who Self-harm.
Myers, D. G. (2010). Social Psychology, (10 Ed.). In McGraw-Hill.
Nemati, H., Sahebihagh, M. H., Mahmoodi, M., Ghiasi, A., Ebrahimi, H., Atri, S. B., & Mohammadpoorasl, A. (2020). Non-suicidal self-injury and its relationship with family psychological function and perceived social support among Iranian high school students. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 20(1), 1–5.
Ningrum, L. . (2013). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Teman Sebaya Dengan Konsep Diri Remaja Pada Siswa Kelas X Di SMKN 2 Malang. 1–21.
Nixon, M. K., & Heath, N. L. (2009). Self-Injury in Youth: The Essential Guide to Assessment and Intervention.
Nock, M. K. (2010). Self-Injury. In Annual Review of Clinical Psychology (Vol. 6).


Nurasmi, R., Maulana, I., Farida Inli, D., Tendikat Fitri, Z., Karunia Sari, L., Kurnia Sari, N., & Putra Azis, A. (2018). Dukungan Sosial Komunitas Hamur Pada Remaja Broken Home. Jurnal Fakultas Psikologi, 2008, 1–9.
Nurliana Cipta Apsari, & Thesalonika. (2021). Perilaku Self-Harm Atau Melukai Diri Sendiri Yang Dilakukan Oleh Remaja (Self-Harm or Self-Injuring Behavior By Adolescents). Jurnal Pekerjaan Sosial , 4(2), 213–224.
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Published
2023-12-31
How to Cite
Ratida, A., Noviekayati, I., & Rina, A. (2023). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial dan Kecenderungan Perilaku Menyakiti Diri (Self-Injury) pada Remaja dari Orang Tua Bercerai. PSIKOVIDYA, 27(2), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.37303/psikovidya.v27i2.202