DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN PERILAKU PROSOSIAL DIMEDIASI OLEH EMPATI PADA SISWA

  • Lilik Mufidah Universitas Muhammadiyah malang
  • Iswinarti Iswinarti Universitas Muhammadyah Malang
  • Rr. Siti Suminarti Fasikhah Universitas Muhammadyah Malang
Keywords: Perilaku prososial; dukungan sosial; empati

Abstract

Kepekaan siswa pada sesama belakangan ini mulai menurun, remaja kurang perduli dengan lingkungan, dan  orang lain, tentunya hal ini kurang baik bagi perkembangan  remaja itu sendiri,maka dengan ditumbuhkan empati dapat meningkatkan perilaku prososial (Hoffman, 2000)  Dukungan sosial sangat berperan penting  dan punya efek yang kuat pada perilaku prososial. Subjek dari penelitian ini adalah siswa sekolah menengah pertama ( SMP) dengan berjumlah 265 orang. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah purposive samping. Perilaku prososial diukur dengan menggunakan skala Prosocial Tendencies Measure-Revised (PTMR). Empati diukur menggunakan Emphaty Questionnaire, dukungan sosial di ukur dengan menggunakan skala child and adolescent social support (CASS) . Analisa data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis Hayes. Hasil penelitian menunjukan ada hubungan yang signifikan antara dukungan sosial dan perilaku prososial yang dimediasi oleh empati pada siswa.

References

Afolobi, O. A. (2014). Psychosocial predictor of prosocial behavior among a sample of Nigerian undergraduate. European Scientific Journal, 10(2), 187–1881.
Bacon, S. J. (2015). International to quantitative methods. Graduate School The University of Hong Kong. Retrieved from https://org.10.13140/2.1.4466.3040
Bakar, Z. A., Syahrudin, M. (2016). The importance of social support to bullying victims: a case study in Indonesia. University of Teknologi Malaysia Skudai Johor Malaysia, 1–9.
Barr, J. J. (2007). Adolescent empathy and prosocial behavior in the multidimensional context of school culture. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 168(3), 231–250.
Batson, C. D. (2010). Empathy-induced altruistic motivation. Inaugural H Erzliya Symposium "Prosocial Motives Emotions Anf Behavior, 1–22.
Calandri, E., Graziano, F., Testa, S., Cattelino, E., Begotti, E. (2019). Empathy and depression among early adolescents: the moderating role of parental support. Journal US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, 10(1447), 1–5. https://doi.org/doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01447
Caprara, G. V., Kanacri, B. P. L., Gerbino, M. Zuffiano, A., Alessandri, G., Vecchio, G., Caprara, E., Pastorelli, C., Bridgall, B. (2014). Positive effects of promoting prosocial behavior in early adolescence: evidence from a school-based intervention. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 1(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025414531464
Carlo, G., Hausman., A, Christiansen, S. B. (2003). Cognitive and behavioral correlates of a measure of prosocial tendencies of adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 23, 107–134
Cirik, L. (2015). Relationships between social support motivation and science achievement: structural equation modeling. Anthropologist, 20(1,2), 232–242.
Cresweel, J. W. (2012). Research design pendekatan kualitatif kuantitatif dan mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Dani, S. (2017). Pengaruh dukungan sosial dan spiritualitas terhadap resiliensi survivor bencana alam. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Dar, F. R. (2016). Empathetic and pro-social awareness in primary school students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(10), 2406–2414.
Dayaksini, T., H. (2009). Psikologi sosial. Malang: Umm Press.
Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A. (1990). Empathy, conceptualization, measurement, and relation to prosocial behavior. Motivation and Emotional, 14(2), 131–146.
Garaigordobil, M. (2009). A comparative analysis of empathy in childhood and adolescence: gender differences and associated socio-emotional variables. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 9(2), 217–235.
George, B. C. (2006). Gordon Allport personality theories. Psychology Departemen Shippensburg University.
Gordon, G., Delton, S., Kolbert. J. B., Kanyongo, G. Y., Crothers, L. M. (2004). Proactive and reactive aggression and cognitive and affective empathy among students in middle childhood. International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology. https://doi.org/http://dx.org/10172/1234-3425.100105
Graaff, J. P.D., Carlo, G., Crocett, E., Koot, H. M., Branje, S. (2017). Prosocial behavior in adolescence: gender differences in development and links with empathy. Journal Youth Adolescence, 47(6), 1–5. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1007/s10964-017-0786-1
Guo, Y. (2017). The influence of social support on the prosocial behavior of college students: the mediating effect based on interpersonal trust. English Language Teaching, 10(12), 1916–4750. Retrieved from http://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n12p158
Hayes, A. F. (2014). Statistical mediation analysis with a multi categorical independent variable. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 67(2), 451–470.
Hoffman. (200). Empathy and Moral Development Implications For Caring and Justice. Cambridge Universitas Press.
Indah, P. (2018). Hubungan kemampuan mengatasi krisis paruh baya dan dukungan sosial dengan kebermaknaan hidup pada dewasa madya yang bekerja. Univeristas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Intan, R. (2018). Hubungan empati dan perilaku prososial: dimoderasi oleh kepribadian agreeableness pada mahasiswa keperawatan stikes yarsi mataram. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.
Kartono, K. (2003). Kamus psikologi. Bandung: Pioner Jaya.
Krevan & Gibbs. (1996). Empathetic and prosocial awareness in primary school students a case study. Journal of Educational Research, 4(10), 2406–2414.
Laiblea, D. J., Carlob, G., Roesch, C. S. (2011). Pathways to self-esteem in late adolescence: the role of parent and peer attachment, empathy, and social behaviors. Journal of Adolescence, 27, 703–716. https://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.Adolescence.05.005
Lay, Y. F. H., Siu, A. M. H., Shek, D. T. L. (2015). Individual and social predictor of prosocial behavior among Chinese adolescent Hongkong. Journal List Front Prediator, 3–39.
McDonald, N. M., dan Messinger, D. S. (2015). The development of empathy: how, when, and why. Journal University of Miami Department of Psychology, 55(7), 1–36.
Paleari, F. G., Tagliabue, S., Lanz, M. (2011). Empathic perspective-taking in family relationships: a social relations analysis. The Journal University of Bergamo Italy, 185(202), 186–189.
Park, K. H. (2015). The relationship between empathy stress and social support between people. Published Online. Retrieved from 10.5117/ijme.5506.od44
Plenty, S., Ostberg, V., Modin, B. (2015). The role of psychosocial school conditions in adolescent prosocial behavior. School Psychology International, 36(3), 283–300.
Pradnyana, A. A. G. P. S., Lestari, M. D. (2016). Peran perilaku prososial, efikasi diri dan empati pada pegawai badan penanggulangan bencana daerah (BPBD) di bali. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 3(3), 491–498.
Purnamasari., I. (2018). Kontribusi empati dan dukungan sosial teman sebaya terhadap perilaku prososial siswa di SMP. Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling: Theory and Application, 7(2), 20–26.
Riess, H. (2017). The sciences of empathy. Journal of Patient Experience, 4(2), 74–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/2374373517699267
Rook, K. S. (1990). Parallels in the study of social support and social strain. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19(50), 765–767.
Sears, D. O., Fredman, J. L., Peplau, L. A. (1991). Psikologi sosial. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Sarafino. (2002). Health psychology: Biopsychosocial interaction fifth edition. Valente, F. (2016). Empathy and communication: A model of empathy development. Journal of new media and mass communication.
Taufik. (2013). Empati pendekatan psikologi sosial. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.
Thorton, D. (1995). Empathy questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 19(50), 765–767.
Valente, F. (2016). Empathy and communication: A model of empathy development. Journal of new media and mass communication.
Wentzel, K. (2015). Prosocial behavior and schooling. Encyclopedia On Early Childhood Development, 1–5.
Wentzel, K. R. (1994). Relations of social goal pursuit to social acceptance, classroom behavior, and perceived social support. APA PsycNET, 86(2), 173–182.
White, B. A. (2014). Who cares when nobody is watching? psychopathic traits and empathy in prosocial behavior. Journal and Individual Differences, 56(1), 116–121.
White, T. N. (2009). The influence of social support from parents, classmates, and teachers on early adolescent's mental health. Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.usf.udu.etd/82
Yang, J. (2006). Research on prosocial value orientation and prosocial behavior of college. Students Master’s Thesis at Huazhong University of Science and Technology.
Yasin, S, A. C. (2010). The relationship between social support and psychological problem among students. Centre for Promoting Ideas, 1–3.
Yoo, H., Feng, X., dan Day, R. D. (2012). Adolescent’ empathy and prosocial behavior in the family context; a longitudinal study. Springer Science Business Media. Retrieved from 10.1007/s 10964-012-9900-6
Published
2021-05-02
How to Cite
Mufidah, L., Iswinarti, I., & Fasikhah, R. S. (2021). DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DENGAN PERILAKU PROSOSIAL DIMEDIASI OLEH EMPATI PADA SISWA. PSIKOVIDYA, 25(1), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.37303/psikovidya.v25i1.154
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)